A thyroglossal cyst is a congenital (present from birth) cyst or fistula but one that can appear at any age, in most cases before the age of 25.
It has the appearance of a “lump” in the midline of the neck just above the Adam’s apple. If it becomes infected (which is uncommon), it can burst, creating a fistula. Although it is usually symptomless, it must always be removed as in 1% of patients it can become malignant.
The treatment for this type of cyst will require surgery. Our team uses the Sistrunk procedure, which prevents the cyst from coming back.