EXCESSIVE GROWTH OF THE ADENOIDS IN CHILDREN IS A FREQUENTLY OBSERVED PHENOMENON

Location of the tonsils

Adenoids and tonsils

Nasal endoscopy

My son snores: Does he have a tonsil problem?

ENLARGED ADENOIDS

Adenoids are masses of tissue that starts to develop during childhood behind the nose, where the nose blends into the throat. This is why their enlargement blocks, either partially or completely interrupts, the air breathed through the nose, causing respiratory problems.

The adenoids start to develop from the age of 6 months.

What are the symptoms?

Enlarged adenoids are very common in children, especially between 1 and 7 years of age. When the adenoids grow to an excessive size, this is called adenoid hypertrophy.

Symptoms can include:

  • difficulty breathing through the nose so the child breathes through the mouth. The mouth being constantly open will cause the child to develop distinctive facial features
  • snoring (sometime accompanied by sleep apnoea (temporary pauses in breathing))
  • nasal catarrh, with frequent discharge from the nose

How are enlarged adenoids treated?

The recommended treatment for enlarged adenoids is their removal. This is performed via a very short procedure (10 minutes) under general anaesthetic. It is usually an outpatient procedure and the patient is allowed home several hours after surgery.

In some cases, surgery will be combined with reduction or removal of the tonsils and/or the insertion of ventilation tubes into the ears.

El niño roncador. El niño con síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño.

Dr. Jordi Coromina. Otorrinolaringólogo de Hospital Quirón Teknon.