ADENOIDS

EXCESSIVE GROWTH OF THE ADENOIDS IN CHILDREN IS A FREQUENTLY OBSERVED PHENOMENON

Location of the tonsils

Adenoids and tonsils

Nasal endoscopy

My son snores: Does he have a tonsil problem?

ADENOIDS

Adenoids or vegetations are small lumps of tissue which, in children, appear and develop at the back of the nose, behind the palate. Enlargement of the adenoids therefore causes a blockage or partial or total interruption of air flows through the nose and leads to difficulty breathing.

The adenoids begin to grow from the age of 6 months onwards.

What symptoms do they cause?

Excessive growth of the adenoids in children is very frequent, especially between the first and the seventh year of life. In these cases, we speak of adenoidal hypertrophy, which may cause the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty breathing through the nose. The child will breathe through the mouth, often keeping the mouth open.
  • Snoring while asleep, including occasional interruptions in breathing or sleep apnoea.
  • Nasal catarrhs, often associated with blockage of the nose by mucus.
  • Recurrent acute otitis.
  • May be the cause of delayed skeletal development and weight gain in children.

How are adenoids treated?

Adenoidal enlargement or hypertrophy must be treated by means of excision. This procedure is performed under a very short general anaesthetic of approximately 10 minutes. It is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, allowing the child to return home within a few hours of the intervention.

Occasionally, ventilation tubes are placed inside the ears during the intervention and/or the tonsils are reduced or removed at the same time.